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The tallest palm tree species is the palma de cera (Ceroxylon quindiuense) also known as wax palm. Updates? More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kg (18 pounds) or more. For example, the roots of Palm tree species like Royal, Bismarck, Bailey, and Canary Island date palms, grow up to 50 feet away from the trunk. Essential minerals such as calcium, iron, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium, sulfur, and zinc can be found in dates. Wild date palm or Senegal date palm (Phoenix reclinata) Description The wild date palm is an evergreen tree that grows no higher than 6 m. Its leaves are about 3 to 4 m long and resemble a feather, comprised of approximately 50 leaflets per side. Dates are a good source of energy, fiber, sugar, and various vitamins and minerals. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. Such leaves are called pinnate. Ibrahim’s love of the date and date palm left a lasting influence on these religions. Egypt, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq are the leading date-producing and date- exporting countries, although fruit from Algeria and Tunisia also is well known in Europe. Marks of old leaf bases surround the trunk of the tree. The tree is between 15 and 25 metres (49 and 82 feet) high. The tree is propagated either from seeds or from suckers, offshoots that arise chiefly near the base of the stem in the early years of the life of the palm. However, this date palm tree has the potential to get up to 90 feet or more. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. The trees are capable of reaching up to 200 feet, towering above many other trees in the region. Omissions? The Date Palm is a tree. It belongs to the palm family. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Date Palm Tree Uses. When a palm is cut down, the tender terminal bud is eaten as a salad. This means a 500-year-old pine tree could be made up of two sets of 250-year-old cells, but the palm tree would be made of 1 set of 500-year-old cells. The earliest record from Iraq (Mesopotamia) shows that date culture was probably established as early as 3000 BC. The sight of streets lined with date palm trees will evoke an exotic and classy aura to the area. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight and contains about 2 percent each of protein, fat, and mineral matter. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. You can consider planting a Canary Island date palm outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through 11, or indoors in a container anywhere. The Ancient Egyptians used the fruits to make date wine, and ate them at harvest. Al-Yahyai, R. and A . Their trunks have been used as both support for tents and as the framework for more elaborate dwellings, whose walls and floors were created using woven palm tree leaf strips. Syrup, alcohol, vinegar, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. References: 1. Keeping the focus firmly on the humble date and the traditions surrounding it for the 14th year running is the Liwa Date Festival taking place until 28th July in Al Dhafra. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. It has been cultivated in North Africa and the Middle East for at least 5000 years. This fruit is called date. The date palm hails from North Africa, where it has been cultivated as a food source for thousands of years. Manickavasagan. Dates are mentioned more than 50 times in the Bible and 20 times in the Qur’an. …Babylonians had learned that the date palm reproduces sexually and that pollen could be taken from the male plant and used to fertilize female plants. In Southeast Spain (where a large date plantation exists including UNESCO-protected Palmeral of Elche) dates (usually pitted with fried almond) are served wrapped in bacon and shallow fried. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The dried fruit is more than 50 percent sugar by weight. There is a legend that the date palm (not the apple tree) was the tree of knowledge of good and evil, and that the date (not the apple) was the fruit Eve so generously offered to Adam in the Garden of Eden (Figure 17b). But with a trunk, a crown of leaves, and … Some palm tree species can reach a height of 200 feet, as is the case of Quindio wax palm (Ceroxylon quindiuense), the tallest palm tree in the world.It is native to the high altitude Andes in Colombia. These roots remain thin as they increase in length. Date palm leaves are used for Palm Sunday in the Christian religion. Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. As a landscape tree, date palm is grown from Florida to Texas, as well as parts of the American southwest. It is a suitable landscape plant for U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 9 to 11, and may be grown in zone 8 with sufficient winter protection. The coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) is among the most extensively used trees worldwide and strongly associated with tropical landscapes. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Today it is found in many tropical and subtropical regions worldwide; but mainly in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, South Asia, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, and in southern California, Arizona and southern Florida in the United States. The date is a one-seeded fruit, or drupe, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, colour, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture and the variety. The date palm was a popular garden plant in Roman peristyle gardens, though it would not bear fruit in the more temperate climate of Italy. The date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm in the genus Phoenix, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. This palm species can grow to a height of 60 meters (200 feet). The tree’s beautiful arching fronds might eventually take up a width of 30 feet or more in the landscape. The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. More than 1,000 dates may appear on a single bunch weighing 8 kilograms (18 pounds) or more. But palm trees don’t go through a re-growth phase. They are usually from 3 to 7 cm (1.2 to 2.8 in) long, and from 2 to 3 cm (0.8 to 1.18 in) diameter, and when ripe, range from bright red to bright yellow in color, depending on variety. Phoenix canariensis is a species of flowering plant in the palm family Arecaceae, native to the Canary Islands.It is a relative of Phoenix dactylifera, the true date palm.It is the natural symbol of the Canary Islands, together with the canary Serinus canaria. The leaves have visible spines. The tallest palm species in the world is the wax palm. California is the major American producer. The trunks and leaves of date palm tree are burned for fuel and used in the construction of houses, bridges that cross canals, grids and fences. Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. For today’s Did You Know we will look at Date Fun Facts such as date palms cover 3% of the earths cultivated surface. There are approximately 2600 species of palm. It grows to about 23 m in height. Historian W.H. Mexican fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), seen in the Los Angeles and Southern California area, can grow up to 98 feet tall. The Jews consider the date as one of the seven holy fruits and they celebrate Palm Sunday. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. 2. There are 242 calories in 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of dates. The fruit’s English name (through Old French), as well as the Latin both come from the Greek word for “finger”, dáktulos, because of the fruit’s elongated shape. This small species of palm tree doesn’t grow taller than 25 ft. (7.6 m), however, some smaller varieties only grow to 15 ft. (4.5 m). Male and female flowers are borne on separate plants. "Had the date palm n… Roots of the Palm tree grow horizontally at a greater distance from the trunk but they remain within the top 12 to 36 inches of the topsoil. Date palm growing requires temperatures above 20 degrees Fahrenheit (-6 C.) to survive. The date palm is grown as an ornamental tree along the Mediterranean shores of Europe, and its leaves are used for the celebration of Palm Sunday among Christians and for the celebration of Sukkoth (Feast of Tabernacles) among Jews. The fruit has been the staple food and chief source of wealth in the irrigable deserts of North Africa and the Middle East. Date palm can provide anything from food to biofuel. “The palm tree and dates represent a huge part of Emirati heritage and this yearly event aims to celebrate that,” explained festival director, Obaid Khalfan Al Mazrouei. All parts of the date palm yield products of economic value. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), a fast grower, can reach up to 80 feet. The leaves can grow to 3–5 metres in length. Date palm is a special tree to many around the world and there is still a lot to be known about this unique plant. The earliest record from Iraq (Mesopotamia) shows that date culture was probably established as early as 3000 BC. Other interesting facts associated with the Palm tree include: The trunks of Palm trees do not get thicker as they age; rather, they simply grow taller. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The leaves can grow to 3 to 5 metres (9.8 to 16.4 feet) in length. Preferring warmer temperatures and higher altitudes, it is well suited for countries with mountains located in the tropics, which is why it is the national tree of Colombia. The date palm is a tree. It has been cultivated for a very long time because of its edible fruit. It has long leaves that look like feathers. Under cultivation the female flowers are artificially pollinated. Some Palms have trunks that are as skinny as pencils. The tree is between 15m and 25m high. Date palms are grown in the Canary Islands, northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, India, Mexico, and the U.S. state of California. Palm trees have an ancient history Palm tree history can be traced back over 5000 years to Mesopotamian times. The most well-known ones are the date palm and the coconut tree. 02 of 11 The Palm Is a Symbol of Life Barreveld wrote: 1. Growing this tree in Zone 8 requires a sheltered location to prevent it from being damaged by freezing weather. The date palm tree is a tall and evergreen tree that has no branches. Oman is behind UAE , having only 8 million palm trees (82% of all fruit trees), which give about 268.000 tons of date fruits yearly. Date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Offshoots are used for commercial plantings. There are about 150 leaflets. Date palms provide valuable shade as well as food. Its trunk furnishes timber; the midribs of the leaves supply material for crates and furniture; the leaflets, for basketry; the leaf bases, for fuel; the fruit stalks, for rope and fuel; the fibre, for cordage and packing material; and the seeds are sometimes ground and used as stock feed. The date palm has been prized from remotest antiquity and may have originated in what is now Iraq. It is also suitable for cultivation in areas with extreme climate such as high heat, high salinity and low precipitation. In Ancient Rome the palm fronds used in triumphal processions to symbolize victory. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Dates have a long shelf life, and many varieties, including the common deglet noor, are often sold dried and processed. The Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis) is a beautiful tree, native to the warm Canary Islands. Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres (16 feet) long. Each leaf is about 5 m in length. As the tree grows, its exotic-looking palm fronds arch out from its center crown of new growth. Pollination takes place at 95 degrees (35 C.) and fruits need dry, hot temperatures with warm nights. The date is a one-seeded fruit, or berry, usually oblong but varying much in shape, size, color, quality, and consistency of flesh, according to the conditions of culture. Syrup, alcohol, vinegar, and a strong liquor are derived from the fruit. The tree is believed to originate in the lands on the banks of Nile and Euphrates Rivers of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves from 4 to 6 meters (13 to 20 feet) long. If the date palm was the tree of knowledge, Gabriel would not have suggested to Adam that he taste and eat the dates. The palm tree is a slender, erect tree that thrives in hot climates. Elastic fibers that cover the trunks are made camel and horse saddles. Hence, the extensive use of these majestic date trees in resorts and upmarket housing area. Facts on Coconut Palm Trees. This palm tree can slowly grow to 40 or 60 feet in a landscape. Spanish missionaries carried the tree to the New World in the 18th and early 19th centuries. The leaves have visible spines. It was used as a food source, for constructing tools and dwellings and shade from the hot desert sun. The tree trunk ends with a crown of leaves. It could be safely assumed that the reason for mentioning dates and date palms in the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic religions was due mainly to the influence of the Prophet Abraham, who was born and raised in the old city of Ur where date palms were grown. Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. Such leaves are called pinnate. It is native to the humid montane forests of the Andes in Colombia and northern Peru. Sylvester Date Palm Tree can also grow indoors. The leaf of the date palm tree has a strong midrib, with narrow pinnate leaflets on either side of the midrib. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. They love the shade. Date palm is probably the most ancient cultivated tree in the world. 2012. A large portion of the calories in this food come from sugars. Dates grow large, up to 120 feet (36 m.) and can live for 100 years. Sylvester Date Palm Tree, scientific name Phoenix sylvestris, is one of the most popular palm trees in the world. It's even thought that the date palm is … It has long leaves that look like feathers. Mature P. canariensis are often used in ornamental landscaping and are collected and transplanted to their new planting location. This ornamental palm tree is small when compared to other tall coconut or date palms. This spectacular palm is often used throughout luxury homes, renowned golf courses or for avenue planting. Palms begin to bear fruit in 4 to 5 years and reach full bearing at 10 to 15 years, yielding 40 to 80 kg (90 to 180 pounds) or more each. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Date trees typically reach about 21–23 meters (69–75 ft) in height. In the Bible palm trees are referenced as symbols of prosperity and triumph. Date palm trees were prized for their multiple uses, not just as a source for the date fruit. Date palm, which is grown by home gardeners primarily for its decorative fronds (not its fruit), is cultivated as a landscape tree in Zones 9 to 11 in the United States. Leaves located closer to the base are spiny, whereas other leaves are shiny, smooth and dark green. It has been cultivated for a very long time because of its fruit. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The country has around 44 million palm trees (98% of all fruit trees), which produce 900.000 tons of date fruits per year. Palm tree size can also be helpful in distinguishing palms. Delicious Arabian dates. The Ancient Egyptians used the fruits to make date wine, and ate them at harvest. Apart from the above-mentioned nutrients, they also contain vitamins such as thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, folate, vitamin A, and vitamin K. The health benefits of dates include improve bone health, help regulate cholesterol, improve heart health, regulates blood pressure, promote brain health, benefits for skin, prevent inflammation, good for constipation and treat diarrhea. Date palm is now grown extensively for its edible fruits under warmer climates across all the continents. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some reports indicate that the Christmas palm tree is one of the most popular ornamental types of palm on the planet. It has been cultivated in North Africa and the Middle East for at least 5000 years. Human use of palms is as old as, or even older than, civilization itself, starting with the growing of date palms by Mesopotamians and other Middle Eastern peoples 5000 years or more ago.The Date Palm had a great effect on the history of the Middle East. Palms are known to live as long as 150 years, but their fruit production declines, and in commercial culture they are replaced at an earlier age. The common and most straightforward commercial use of date palm tree is in landscaping. Date palm is probably the most ancient cultivated tree in the world. Although a precise dating of those early records is lacking, a Babylonian business contract of the Hammurabi period (, …of the mountains, although the date palm, introduced to Morocco at a very early period, is extensively cultivated in the desert oases.…. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from lands around the Persian Gulf. The tree is grown commercially for its fruits throughout the United States, primarily in southern California and Arizona. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/date-palm, American Society for Horticulture Science - The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.): Overview of Biology, Uses, and Cultivation, date - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), date - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). a palm tree does not create rings as it grows – it’s yearly growth isn’t marked on the tree; a palm tree does not grow bark – it’s basically the same on the inside as the outside; Calling a palm tree “palm grass” is technically correct. It is recognizable in frescoes from Pompeii and elsewhere in Italy, including a garden scene from the House of the Wedding of Alexander. The wax palm has a wax-like substance on its fronds that has been used to make soap and candles. Other types of dates, such as the medjool, are eaten as fresh produce and gradually shrink and wrinkle as they age. There are about 150 leaflets. Four million tons are grown annually. Date palm tree … Fossil Palm trees date back 100 million years to the Jurassic Era. When offshoots are three to six years old and have formed roots of their own, they are removed and planted. 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